BICHON FRISE

Intelligent, affectionate, & incredibly xinh đẹp, the bichon frise could easily be mistaken for a child’s toy. This happy-go-lucky breed originated in the Mediterranean islands, which could be why they’re so easygoing and fun-loving. Bichons are the perfect companion for families, elderly couples, và everyone in between.
Breed Group herding hound hybrid non-sporting none sporting terrier toy working
Dog Size extra large (101 lbs. or more) large (61-100 lbs.) medium (26-60 lbs.) small (0-25 lbs.)
Other Traits apartment-friendly cold weather tolerant easy to lớn groom easy khổng lồ train good for first-time pet owners good hiking companion high potential for weight gain high prey drive highly territorial hot weather tolerant hypoallergenic loves water low prey drive prone lớn health issues requires lots of grooming strong loyalty tendencies tendency lớn chew tolerates being alone
Temperament aggressive sầu aloof anxious friendly gentle outgoing playful protective sầu timid willful
height 9.5-11.5 inches
weight 12-18 pounds
life span 14-15 years
breed size small (0-25 lbs.)
good with children seniors dogs cats families
temperament friendly outgoing playful
intelligence high
shedding amount infrequent
exercise needs medium
energy level active sầu
barking level infrequent
drool amount low
breed group non-sporting
coat length/texture short curly
colors Trắng cream
patterns bicolor
other traits hypoallergenic easy to train requires lots of grooming apartment-friendly good for first-time pet owners

The bichon frise (say it with us: BEE-shon Free-ZAY) is just as beautiful as their regal-sounding French name suggests. This Snow White of dogs is beautiful, dainty, & a good choice for people with allergies. They're intelligent và cunning, learning tricks & making the whole family laugh. And because a bichon won't get bigger than 18 pounds, they thrive sầu in apartments và houses alượt thích.


Debbie Hollan, secretary of the Bichon Frise Club of America, has been breeding & showing bichons for over 35 years. "They are loving và delightful additions lớn almost anyone's home," Hollan says. They also have sầu a mischievous streak, she adds: "They will keep you on your toes."


Take one look at a purebred bichon frise and you'll fall in love, instantly. Bichons can be anywhere from 12–18 pounds and stvà between 9.5–11.5 inches tall. Their coat is always Trắng, their eyes & noses black.


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Bichon frises don"t look this cute on their own! Their white coats require frequent brushing, baths, & trips khổng lồ the groomer.

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While there is actually no such thing as a hypoallergenic dog, the low-shedding coat và drool-không tính phí tendencies of a bichon frise might make her a good fit for those who tend lớn sniffle and sneeze around pups. 


But take note: Even though she's low-shedding, her double coat can be high maintenance when it comes lớn grooming. The outer coat stands away from the body toàn thân, giving her that signature cotton ball appearance.


"What is not to lớn love about this silly, friendly, sociable breed?" says Sarah Hodges, author, trainer, and applied behaviorist with the International Association of Animal Behavior Consultants. "Bred lớn be performers, their chief goal is khổng lồ make people happy."


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These cuties vì NOT like to be left alone. Think of them as your little white shadow and keep them cđại bại khổng lồ avoid separation anxiety.
Bichon frises love to please, và will impress their owners with their quiông xã ability khổng lồ learn; it's not surprising that bichons frequent dog shows. The breed has an attitude as soft và snuggly as her fur—she loves khổng lồ play và snuggle up with her humans. Bichons also get along well with cats and other dogs, as long as they're still getting ample attention from you, her adoring người.


While bichon frises make excellent apartment dogs because of their kích cỡ và temperament, they will still need lots of playtime lớn get their energy out. If they live sầu in a house with a yard, they'll love to lớn run circles outside. They may have sầu little legs, but they can run fairly fast. A fenced-in space is best to ensure a potty break doesn't end in a game of "catch me if you can."


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Left: Eager khổng lồ please và easy to lớn love, bichon frises will fit right in with almost any family. | Credit: lulu2626 / Adobe Stochồng
Right: Bichons pick up new commands và tricks easily. In fact, they were commonly used as circus dogs after the French Revolution. | Credit: Eudyptula / Adobe Stock
Friendly & easygoing, the bichon enjoys the company of children và other pets. They don't mind a busy house full of people or animals to play with, so they'll fit right in with almost any family. They'll even curl up on a child's lap for a snooze. So long as they're getting enough attention from their humans, they're an easy dog khổng lồ please. 


A bichon frise cannot be left alone often, if at all. They absolutely hate being without their humans. Bichons commonly suffer from separation anxiety if they're left khổng lồ their own devices, so potential owners need to lớn prepare for a full-time responsibility. "Ignored or isolated, they will go crazy with loneliness and confusion," Hodges says. "They can be over-demanding for affection." A bichon frise needs a doting family who will give sầu her plenty of affection, and she'll give sầu all her love sầu in return.


The characteristic poofy White coat of a bichon won't remain gorgeous all on its own. Expect frequent brushing, bathing, and trips to a professional groomer.


Left: The bichon is the ultimate people-pleaser. All she wants is khổng lồ make you happy! | Credit: Pai-Shih Lee / Getty
Right: With her regal look, the bichon frise quickly found popularity with European nobility. | Credit: OlgaOvcharenko / Adobe Stoông xã
If a bichon isn't brushed a few times a week (at least!), her hair will form mats, which can lead to painful skin issues. Along with the at-home page brushing, bichons frises need to see the groomer every four lớn six weeks for a bath, haircut, và nail trimmings. You'll also need to lớn brush their teeth two to lớn three times a week. Daily oral care will protect them even more from dental diseases.

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Bichons have sầu a high energy level but only need a moderate amount of exercise. Romping in the yard or playing with toys a couple of times a day will be enough khổng lồ satisfy them. They also enjoy participating in competitions such as obedience trials or agility courses khổng lồ show off their brilliant minds.


One of the best ways lớn bond with a bichon frise is through training. The breed is highly capable of learning tricks và commands, và they're no stranger lớn dog shows. While the bichon can be very receptive sầu to lớn learning, they are also slightly cunning. " they are smarter that you are," Hollan says. "Since they are so smart, you have sầu khổng lồ be very diligent in your training." Bichons will take scolding lớn heart, so always use positive reinforcement to lớn incentivize learning. A firm yet gentle hvà is required khổng lồ train a bichon frise.


Bichons have a high energy cấp độ but only need a moderate amount of exercise. Romping in the yard or playing with toys a couple of times a day will be enough lớn satisfy them.


For bichons specifically, breeders should provide health clearances from the Orthopedic Foundation for Animals (OFA) for hip dysplasia, elbow dysplasia, hypothyroidism, và von Willebrand's disease, a condition that affects the blood's ability khổng lồ effectively clot. If the parent pups are completely healthy, a bichon should live for a happy 14–15 years. 


Bichons need regular dental care to ensure they don't get infections, as smaller dogs are more prone to oral health issues. In addition, the breed should be fed in measurements rather than keeping the food bowl full 24/7. According to lớn Traditions Vet Centers in Leonard, Texas, obesity can be a significant health problem for bichons frises. Further, the combination of dental problems and weight gain can result in heart disease. The best way khổng lồ prsự kiện any heart issues in bichons is to always keep an eye on their food và their teeth. Bladder infections and allergies are not uncomtháng for this breed as well, so check with a vet if there are signs of irregular urine or excessive sầu scratching.


The bichon frise dates all the way baông chồng to the 13th century. Originating from islands in the Mediterranean, the breed is a member of the Barbichon family—little Trắng dogs who have sầu similar features và temperaments. Cthua kém cousins to lớn the bichon frise include the Maltese, the Havanese, và the Bolognese. According to the Bichon Frise Club of America, historians believe the bichon was introduced to lớn Europe by sailors who brought them baông xã from the islands. With her regal look, the bichon frise quickly found popularity with European nobility. It's rumored that King Henry III had a special basket made to lớn carry his bichons with hlặng everywhere he went. 


Though they became popular in Europe, the bichon frise roots are in the Mediterranean during the 13th century.
Decades passed, and the bichon frise got used khổng lồ the good life. That is, until the French Revolution in the late 1700s, when the nobles (& thus, the bichons) lost their positions of power and privilege. If it weren't for their incredible intelligence, the bichon frise may have sầu gone extinct. Instead, they found a new trang chính in showbiz, showing off their tricks with street performers and circus acts. It wasn't until after the world wars that an official breed standard was adopted & French breeders worked lớn preserve sầu bichons. They named them bichon a poil frisé, which translates to lớn "bichon of the curly hair." Later, the name was shortened lớn bichon frise. The little White pups were brought lớn the U.S. in the 1950s, & these little fluff balls were officially recognized by the AKC in 1972.