Kho kho: information, how to play, rules & types of equipment

Which is the traditional game of India which consists of traits such as cooperation, devotion, keenness, self-esteem, tốc độ, và quick thinking? The answer is Kho Kho! This traditional Indian sport is more than a game. It is a personal development tool for the one who loves lớn take up the challenge. One can clearly say, Kho Kho game is an inexpensive sầu but highly enjoyable game.

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It is one of the most popular traditional sports in the country. Some of the interesting facts about the game: The position of the players sitting is random; one will never find the same phối of players sitting in the same order as when the game starts. The game requires immense stamimãng cầu và speed. There are many famous Kho Kho players in India who have taken this game lớn another màn chơi. So are you planning to start a new game? Why wait? Today, we bring you the perfect guide lớn the Kho Kho game and all the kho kho information.

Tracing the roots of the Game

It is a tag game of our country. Its roots are as old as the epic Mahabharata, with plans and strategies likely derived from the epic itself. As the tale narrates, on the 13th day of the war, the Kaurava Guru Dronacharya planned the sole tactics ‘Chakravyuh’, a special military defensive plan broke by Abhimanyu. Unfortunately, he died as he had lớn fight alone against 7 warriors và he was badly injured. His style of fighting reflected the concept of ring play – a defensive sầu tactic in the game. The game during age-old times involved ‘raths’ and chariots & was named Rathera.

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History of Kho Kho Game


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The Asian Kho Kho Federation first came inlớn existence in 1987 at the time of the third SAF Games in India. The Kho Kho game gained international credit with the first Asian Championship which was held in Kolkata in 1996. The second championship was held in 2000 which added further shine lớn the game.

READ | Top 5 Famous Kho Kho Players in India 2021 | Do you know?

About Kho Kho game

The modern-day game was invented in the Indian state of Maharashtra. The Deccan Gymkhamãng cầu of Pune tried lớn lend a sense of reliability & recognition lớn the game by introducing certain rules and regulations lớn make it more formal. As a result, countries such as Pakischảy, Bangladesh, Nepal, Sri Lanka, and the Maldives also participated in the game.


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Kho Kho trò chơi Terminology

PoleA specially made wooden cylindrical construction erected firmly at both sides of the playfield.
ChaserThe sitting team tries to lớn catch the opponent team thành viên who is running. Chaser sit-in square over cross lines with an alternative bachồng.
RunnerThe player of the opposition who saves himself from being caught by the chaser.
Central LaneTwo parallel lines from one pole to another.
Cross LaneThe parallel lanes cutting the central line at the middle of the playing area.
KhoThe word Kho is actually a pass given by one chaser to lớn another.
Early GetupWhen the sitting chaser gets up before getting a Kho.
Late Khowhen active chaser delays in the touch for giving Kho to lớn another
Changing The DirectionWhen active chaser goes in the wrong direction against rules.

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Minus KhoA violation of directional fault in which the chased cannot make the running player out unless Kho is passed baông chồng to two teammates or touch to a pole.
LobbyThe không tính tiền space area around the playfield.
Free ZoneThe area by the sides of pole lines in which the direction rule is not followed & a runner can move in any direction.
SquareSquare-shaped area by the cutting of center lane và cross lane used for sitting of the chase.

Kho Kho Ground Measurement

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The playing area dimensions (Credits:KhoKhoskills)

Talking about ground measurement, the playground for the game is 29 meters long and 16 meters wide. At each over of the longer side of the rectangle, it has two areas measuring 16 meters in length and 2.75 meters in width. A wooden pillar of 120 cm is located at the inner center of the line of this rectangle as shown in the figure above. The perimeter of the wooden pillar is between 30 lớn 40 cm. There is one straight line on either side of the pillar.

There are 8 pairs of parallel lines between these two wooden pillar posts. Each pair of the line is 30 cm away from each other & 2.30 meters away from the next pair. Coming to the equipment, the game requires two watches, whistles, measuring tape, boric powder, và stationery lớn write results.

READ | Top 10 Most Popular Traditional Indian Games

Kho Kho field Size

Total area requirement30m x 19m (inclusive of the lobby from all sides measuring 1.5m wide.)
Playing Area27m x 16m inclusive sầu of 1.5m x 16m of không lấy phí zone behind both poles
Pole Distance24m Central lane joining two poles measuring 24m length x 30cm width
Cross lanes8 – intersecting the central lane. Each lane measuring 16m x 35m
Pole SizeHeight (above sầu ground level – 120cm lớn 125centimet, Diameter 9-10cm)

Kho Kho Rules

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There are certain rules to lớn follow in the game (Credits Epilogue)Kho Kho game is played between 2 teamsNumber of players in Kho Kho: 12. But only 9 of them can compete on the pitch.A standard match encompasses two innings.Each inning will have 9 minutes which includes chasing & running.The chasing team sits or kneels in the middle of the court in a row. Each player sitting next lớn the other will see on the opposite sides (in an alternative sầu direction).The chasers should kết thúc in the quickest time possible.The chaser will touch the nearest possible player on his/her bachồng & say ‘Kho’ khổng lồ give hyên ổn a chance khổng lồ chase.The team that takes the shorthử nghiệm amount of time to touch the player chased, is adjudged as the winner.The runner or the chaser is decided by toss.The captain of the chasing side may over the turn before the allotted time.The side that scores more wins a match.When a defender is out, he should enter the sitting box from the lobby.

Kho Kho Information

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The game requires speed and flexibility (Credits State of Mysore)Both teams will comprise nine players. Before the game begins, two captains will have a toss. The toss-winning team decides either to lớn defkết thúc or khổng lồ chase.If the winning team decides to lớn chase, they mix up an eight-member team to chase the opponent team in a span of 12 minutes. There will be two innings provided for both teams.The game starts by chasing down the opponent with the help of team members in a straight direction. The defender should not cut the line or change the direction in order lớn avoid getting out or touched by the opponent. A chaser can give maximum passes (Kho) to lớn his teammate while chasing. After 12 minutes, the team, which takes the best quick time khổng lồ touch the player chased wins the game.READ | 7 Basic Badminton Skills You Can Learn Without Coaching

Duties of Defender

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The defender should save sầu himself from being caught by chaser (Credits:mybloghowtoplaykhokho)

Defenders must be quiông chồng enough. The defender should highly possess qualities such as flexibility và tốc độ. Defenders must have a sufficient amount of reflex in the body toàn thân because it allows them khổng lồ change the direction khổng lồ keep the game active sầu in a real way.

Duties of Chaser

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Team in Yellow jersey are chasers (Credits Mybloghowtoplaykhokho)

Chasers are the opponents of the defender, whose alặng is lớn touch the defender. It is recommended for every chaser khổng lồ keep a cchiến bại eye on his defender. This helps them to lớn give a perfect pass (Kho) to lớn their team member in order to touch the defender và bag points. It is essential khổng lồ blochồng the opponent in various ways khổng lồ gain points in an easy manner.

Kho Kho Skills

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(Credits: DNA)

Judgment of direction is one of the foremost skills one must hone while playing the game. This skill proves how fast & attentive you are. You must be very responsive to lớn your teammates. This is required while getting up from the square. This game burns your calorie. One must run fast. It’s not just a relay, it includes a single chain running, zig-zag running, & straight running.

READ | Events In Athletics | What are the different types of events in athletics?

Role of Referee

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Match Officials (Credits YouTube)

The referee must give a thorough look at the score sheets & playing area. The referee must coordinate with the umpires, in order to perform their duties well. If a player purposefully obstructs the conduct of the play or behaves in an ungentlemanly or mischievous manner, the referee can penalize the defaulting player. A referee can announce the warning by calling the chest number of the runner or chaser & showing a Yellow Card. It shall be recorded by Scorer-1 by marking the chest number in the warning column. The referee can announce the ‘forbidden’ from participation in future play in a similar way as a warning by displaying a Red Card.

Kho Kho Federation of India

The game’s primary sports toàn thân is known as the Kho-Kho Federation of India (KKFI). It has its branches in all the states & it has been conducting Mini, Junior, và mở cửa National Championships for both genders, in many parts of India.