Mythic Monday: Anubis Of The Afterlife

This week’s Mythic Monday features Anubis, one of the best-known gods of ancient Egyptian mythology. Famously depicted in ancient Egyptian art as a crouching jackal or dog, or as a man with a jackal’s head, Anubis served as the god of mummification, the ancient Egyptian technique of embalming the dead. His main center of worship was at Kynopolis, which means Dog City in Greek. The culture of ancient Egypt existed for thousands of years. Over time, the role of Anubis changed, but he always held an important place in Egyptian mythology.

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Thousands of years ago in ancient Egypt, hungry jackals would dig up bodies buried in shallow desert graves & feed on them. To ancient Egyptians, who thought that a person’s body toàn thân needed to be preserved in order to lớn enjoy the afterlife, this was a fate worse than death itself. Consequently, people would pray & make offerings lớn the jackal god to spare the bodies of their loved ones. In this way, the jackal became associated with the dead, & Anubis was worshipped as the god of the underworld.

As burials became more complex, another pest became a threat to the comfortable afterlives of ancient Egyptians: grave robbers. After powerful people died, they would be buried with their favorite possessions & other valuable objects. Ancient Egyptians believed that the deceased could enjoy these objects in the afterlife. But the value of the grave goods would often attract thieves looking to make their present lives more comfortable. To ward off would-be robbers, artisans decorated tombs with sculptures and carvings of Anubis. Priests inscribed curses into the tomb walls, invoking the jackal god và promising punishment in this life and the next khổng lồ any who desecrated the tombs.

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This Anubis statue from the Temple of Luxor dates from around 1400 B.C. Credit: Ny Carlsberg Glyptotek, Copenhagen, Denmark

Later in ancient Egyptian history, the god Osiris rose to lớn prominence and replaced Anubis in myths as ruler of the dead. Anubis retained an important role in the mythology of the dead, however. He was credited with inventing the mummification process, enabling mortals lớn live on in the afterlife. With the moon god Thoth, Anubis weighed the hearts of the dead on the scales of justice in the underworld, judging the merit of their souls.

Anubis was depicted as a cthua trận ally of Osiris, as either his brother or son. In one story, Osiris’s jealous brother Seth murdered the god-pharaoh Osiris and cut the toàn thân into pieces, stuffed the pieces into lớn a box, và mix the box afloat on the Nile River. With the help of other sympathetic deities, Osiris’s wife Isis found the dismembered remains. She gave sầu them khổng lồ Anubis, who reassembled the pieces và embalmed the body toàn thân, enabling Osiris to lớn live sầu on in the afterlife. Thus restored, Osiris descended to lớn the underworld & became the king of the dead.

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