All things you need to know about wipe data/factoy reset

With so many of our gadgets going online these days, credit-card & Social Security numbers, banking information, passwords, family photos, và more accumulate in places you might not expect.You might be in the market for a new computer, tablet, or smart phone for yourself or a family member. Unless you"re a hoarder, buying a new device means you"ll likely be recycling, trading in, selling, or donating your old gadget. It’s essential to keep that sensitive sầu data from getting inkhổng lồ the wrong hands. The results could also be devastating: Just ask anyone who"s been the victyên of identity theft.

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Taking the basic steps—deleting data from or reformatting a computer hard drive sầu, or doing a factory reset on a smart phone or tablet—might be enough khổng lồ discourage identity thieves. But this approach is far from a guarantee, & it won’t stop someone who’s specifically after your files, accounts, or photos.
And even if you find, identify, và delete all the sensitive sầu files on your device, that doesn’t mean a savvy thief can’t recover them. Data-recovery software can be as easy to use as any basic software & tiện ích, & many programs are free.
To ensure that your files aren’t easily retrievable, you"ll have khổng lồ resort to lớn more drastic measures. Most will take some time, but the effort is worthwhile & will provide greater peace of mind.

Getting started

First, bachồng up the content you want khổng lồ keep. Then kiểm tra your device for any removable storage. For computers, that means checking the DVD drive, card reader, floppy drives, & USB ports for old or forgotten truyền thông.

In addition to internal storage, non-Apple phones & tablets often have sầu a tiny removable microSD memory thẻ, which houses photos & other truyền thông files and sometimes app data as well. The card is likely hiding beneath the baông xã battery cover, near the SIM card slot, or even behind the battery. You’ll want to remove it, and—if your phone has one—also remove the SIM card, since it contains your phone number and probably at least some of your contacts.

For digital cameras and media players, removing the memory thẻ is the obvious step. But many devices, particularly older digital cameras, have some internal storage as well. So connect the device lớn your computer via USB and delete or remove internal-memory files.


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BlackBerry

The BlackBerry OS has changed so much over the years that providing detailed steps khổng lồ encrypt & remix every device is impossible. But the basic steps are quite similar lớn those of iOS and Android, and should roughly line up with the instructions below.

Go khổng lồ Options, Security Options, General Settings, and set a password.

Then set Content Protection to lớn Enabled. Choose the option lớn encrypt your address book as well.

Once that’s done, make sure your phone or tablet is plugged in, then follow these detailed instructions from BlackBerry khổng lồ remix. Or just dive sầu into lớn Settings, tap Security, then tap Security Wipe.

Enter your password, confirm that you want to rephối the device, tap the Wipe Data button, & wait for the process lớn finish.

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Windows Phone

Most older Windows Phone 7 devices lachồng on-device encryption. Windows Phone 8 devices vị support encryption, but the average consumer can’t switch it on: Encryption must be enabled via one of two paid business-class services. That means device encryption isn’t an option for the average Windows Phone consumer, so you’ll have to go to a bit more trouble to securely erase your data.

To reset your Windows Phone, go lớn Settings, then About, then Rephối phone. In Windows Phone 8, you’ll have to tap through two warning screens before deleting all your data.

Since you weren’t able to encrypt your old data before deleting it, you can then force the device lớn overwrite your old data by manually filling up the phone’s internal storage with nonpersonal files. Any small files that don’t contain personal data will work. MP3 files are a good choice, because most people have sầu enough of them to lớn fill up a phone.

Unfortunately, for older Windows Phones, you can’t just connect the phone lớn a PC & drag files over. For Windows Phone 7 devices, you’ll need to transfer the files via Zune software.

For Windows Phone 8, on a PC, you can drag files onto lớn the device using Windows Explorer. For Macs, you can use the Windows Phone ứng dụng.

However you get the music or other nonpersonal data onto the device, you’ll need khổng lồ keep adding files until the phone is completely full. For added security, when the phone is full of music files, you can delete the files you added, then fill the device up again, and factory rephối the phone a second time.


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There’s no easy way to vì chưng a secure wipe of game-console storage, so you’ll have sầu khổng lồ rely on the standard factory remix. For most consoles, you can physically remove sầu the hard drive và hook it up lớn a PC or Mac, và securely erase it via the method mentioned above sầu. But generally, the sensitive data on consoles is stored in nonremovable Flash memory.

As we noted earlier, you’ll want to lớn remove any truyền thông media cards và either keep them, or securely erase those as well before placing them baông xã in the system. You can securely erase standard SD cards with this free phầm mềm from the SD Association.After installing và starting the SD formatting program, choose the card’s drive letter on your system, then cliông chồng the Format button on the bottom.

Then from the resulting thực đơn, choose Format Type: Full (OverWrite). Again, this will take quite a bit of time, depending on the SD card’s capacity & write speed.


Rethành viên, even if you follow our advice lớn securely delete files from electronic devices, the only foolproof way khổng lồ make sure no one can retrieve your data is to lớn physically destroy hard drives & memory chips (following proper safety precautions). Of course, if you smash your device, you won’t be able khổng lồ sell it, trade it in, donate it, or give sầu it to a friover.

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If your devices ever contained top-secret documents, you may want khổng lồ look for a hammer. For the rest of us, the methods above sầu should be reasonably sufficient khổng lồ keep your personal data safe.


Chuyên mục: Công Nghệ